Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Anne L'Huillier

Anne l'Huillier

Professor

Anne L'Huillier

Spatiotemporal coupling of attosecond pulses

Author

  • Hampus Wikmark
  • Chen Guo
  • Jan Vogelsang
  • Peter W. Smorenburg
  • Hélène Coudert-Alteirac
  • Jan Lahl
  • Jasper Peschel
  • Piotr Rudawski
  • Hugo Dacasa
  • Stefanos Carlström
  • Sylvain MacLot
  • Mette B. Gaarde
  • Per Johnsson
  • Cord L. Arnold
  • Anne L'Huillier

Summary, in English

The shortest light pulses produced to date are of the order of a few tens of attoseconds, with central frequencies in the extreme UV range and bandwidths exceeding tens of electronvolts. They are often produced as a train of pulses separated by half the driving laser period, leading in the frequency domain to a spectrum of high, odd-order harmonics. As light pulses become shorter and more spectrally wide, the widely used approximation consisting of writing the optical waveform as a product of temporal and spatial amplitudes does not apply anymore. Here, we investigate the interplay of temporal and spatial properties of attosecond pulses. We show that the divergence and focus position of the generated harmonics often strongly depend on their frequency, leading to strong chromatic aberrations of the broadband attosecond pulses. Our argument uses a simple analytical model based on Gaussian optics, numerical propagation calculations, and experimental harmonic divergence measurements. This effect needs to be considered for future applications requiring highquality focusing while retaining the broadband/ultrashort characteristics of the radiation.

Department/s

  • Atomic Physics
  • NanoLund
  • MAX IV Laboratory

Publishing year

2019

Language

English

Pages

4779-4787

Publication/Series

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Volume

116

Issue

11

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

National Acad Sciences

Topic

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Keywords

  • Attosecond pulse
  • Focusing of XUV radiation
  • Gaussian optics
  • High-order harmonic generation
  • Spatiotemporal coupling

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0027-8424