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Photo of Axel Eriksson

Axel Eriksson

Associate senior lecturer

Photo of Axel Eriksson

Effect of salt seed particle surface area, composition and phase on secondary organic aerosol mass yields in oxidation flow reactors


  • Erik Ahlberg
  • Axel Eriksson
  • William H. Brune
  • Pontus Roldin
  • Birgitta Svenningsson

Summary, in English

Atmospheric particulate water is ubiquitous, affecting particle transport and uptake of gases. Yet, research on the effect of water on secondary organic aerosol (SOA) mass yields is not consistent. In this study, the SOA mass yields of an α-pinene and m-xylene mixture, at a concentration of 60 μgm-3, were examined using an oxidation flow reactor operated at a relative humidity (RH) of 60% and a residence time of 160 s. Wet or dried ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate seed particles were used. By varying the amount of seed particle surface area, the underestimation of SOA formation induced by the short residence time in flow reactors was confirmed. Starting at a SOA mass concentration of 5 μgm-3, the maximum yield increased by a factor of 2 with dry seed particles and on average a factor of 3.2 with wet seed particles. Hence, wet particles increased the SOA mass yield by 60% compared to the dry experiment. Maximum yield in the reactor was achieved using a surface area concentration of 1600 μm2 cm-3. This corresponded to a condensational lifetime of 20 s for low-volatility organics. The O V C ratio of SOA on wet ammonium sulfate was significantly higher than when using ammonium nitrate or dry ammonium sulfate seed particles, probably due to differences in heterogeneous chemistry.


  • Centre for Environmental and Climate Science (CEC)
  • Nuclear physics
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system
  • Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology

Publishing year







Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics





Document type

Journal article


Copernicus GmbH


  • Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences




  • ISSN: 1680-7316