Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Portrait photo of Gerda Rentschler

Gerda Rentschler

Project Coordinator

Portrait photo of Gerda Rentschler

Cadmium, mercury and lead in the blood of urban women in Croatia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, China, Ecuador and Morocco

Author

  • Natalia Pawlas
  • Ulf Strömberg
  • Bo Carlberg
  • Milena Cerna
  • Florencia Harari
  • Raul Harari
  • Milena Horvat
  • Frantiska Hruba
  • Kvetoslava Koppova
  • Andrea Krskova
  • Mladen Krsnik
  • Yu-Feng Li
  • Lina Löfmark
  • Thomas Lundh
  • Nils-Goran Lundstrom
  • Badiaa Lyoussi
  • Iwona Markiewicz-Gorka
  • Darja Mazej
  • Josko Osredkar
  • Krystyna Pawlas
  • Gerda Rentschler
  • Vera Spevackova
  • Zdravko Spiric
  • Anneli Sundkvist
  • Janja Snoj Tratnik
  • Drazenka Vadla
  • Soumia Zizi
  • Staffan Skerfving
  • Ingvar A. Bergdahl

Summary, in English

The aim of the study was to make an international comparison of blood levels of cadmium (B-Cd), lead (B-Pb) and mercury (B-Hg) of women in seven European, and three non-European cities, and to identify determinants. About 50 women (age: 46-62) from each city were recruited (totally 480) in 2006-2009. Interview and questionnaire data were obtained. Blood samples were analysed in one laboratory to avoid interlaboratory variation. Between the European cities, the B-Pb and B-Cd results vary little (range of geometric means: 13.5-27.0 mu g/l and 0.25-0.65 mu g/l, respectively); the variation of B-Hg was larger (0.40-1.38 mu g/l). Between the non-European cities the results for B-Pb, B-Cd and B-Hg were 19.2-68.0, 0.39-0.99 and 1.01-2.73 mu g/l, respectively. Smoking was a statistically significant determinant for B-Cd, while fish and shellfish intakes contributed to B-Hg and B-Pb, amalgam fillings also contributed to B-Hg. The present results confirm the previous results from children; the exposure to lead and cadmium varies only little between different European cities suggesting that other factors than the living area are more important. The study also confirms the previous findings of higher cadmium and lead levels in some non-European cities. The geographical variation for mercury is significant.

Department/s

  • Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University

Publishing year

2013

Language

English

Pages

58-72

Publication/Series

International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health

Volume

26

Issue

1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

De Gruyter

Topic

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Keywords

  • Cadmium
  • Mercury
  • Lead
  • Blood
  • Urban Women
  • European cities
  • Non-European Cities

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1896-494X