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Jakob Löndahl

Jakob Löndahl

Associate Professor / Senior Lecturer

Jakob Löndahl

Airspace Dimension Assessment (AiDA) by inhaled nanoparticles: benchmarking with hyperpolarised 129Xe diffusion-weighted lung MRI


  • Madeleine Petersson Sjögren
  • Ho-Fung Chan
  • Guilhem J. Collier
  • Graham Norquay
  • Lars E Olsson
  • Per Wollmer
  • Jakob Löndahl
  • Jim M. Wild

Summary, in English

Enlargements of distal airspaces can indicate pathological changes in the lung, but accessible and precise techniques able to measure these regions are lacking. Airspace Dimension Assessment with inhaled nanoparticles (AiDA) is a new method developed for in vivo measurement of distal airspace dimensions. The aim of this study was to benchmark the AiDA method against quantitative measurements of distal airspaces from hyperpolarised 129Xe diffusion-weighted (DW)-lung magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). AiDA and 129Xe DW-MRI measurements were performed in 23 healthy volunteers who spanned an age range of 23–70 years. The relationship between the 129Xe DW-MRI and AiDA metrics was tested using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Significant correlations were observed between AiDA distal airspace radius (rAiDA) and mean 129Xe apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) (p < 0.005), distributed diffusivity coefficient (DDC) (p < 0.001) and distal airspace dimension (LmD) (p < 0.001). A mean bias of − 1.2 µm towards rAiDA was observed between 129Xe LmD and rAiDA, indicating that rAiDA is a measure of distal airspace dimension. The AiDA R0 intercept correlated with MRI 129Xe α (p = 0.02), a marker of distal airspace heterogeneity. This study demonstrates that AiDA has potential to characterize the distal airspace microstructures and may serve as an alternative method for clinical examination of the lungs.


  • Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology
  • NanoLund: Center for Nanoscience
  • Medical Radiation Physics, Malmö
  • Clinical Physiology, Malmö

Publishing year





Scientific Reports





Document type

Journal article


Nature Publishing Group


  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health



Research group

  • Medical Radiation Physics, Malmö
  • Clinical Physiology, Malmö


  • ISSN: 2045-2322