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Jakob Löndahl

Jakob Löndahl

Associate Professor / Senior Lecturer

Jakob Löndahl

Realistic indoor nano-aerosols for a human exposure facility


  • Christina Isaxon
  • Katrin Dierschke
  • Joakim Pagels
  • Aneta Wierzbicka
  • Anders Gudmundsson
  • Jakob Löndahl
  • I. Hagerman
  • M. Berglund
  • Eva Assarsson
  • Ulla B Andersson
  • Bo A Jönsson
  • J. K. Nojgaard
  • Axel Eriksson
  • Jörn Nielsen
  • Mats Bohgard

Summary, in English

The aim of this study was to achieve realistic levels of two different types of aerosols commonly abundant in indoor environments in an experimental chamber intended for human exposure studies and aerosol characterization. The aerosols chosen were particles from candle lights (in particle number dominated by inorganic water soluble particles) and from ozone-terpene reactions (organic particles). The aerosol generation and characterization system consisted of a controlled air tight stainless steel 22 m(3) chamber, to which the generation set-ups were connected. No air could enter or leave the chamber except through a conditioning system by which temperature, relative humidity and air exchange rate could be controlled. Candle smoke aerosol was generated from ten candles burning in a 1.33 m(3) glass and stainless steel chamber. The aerosol was diluted by clean air from the conditioning system before entering the chamber. Terpene vapor was generated by passing pure nitrogen through a glass bottle containing limonene oil. Ozone was generated by a spark discharge using pure O-2, and was added to the ventilation air flow downstream the inlet for terpene vapors and upstream the inlet to the chamber. Both aerosols were characterized with respect to number and mass concentrations, size distribution and chemical composition. Particle number concentration in the size range 10-650 nm could be varied from <10 cm(-3) to more than 900,000 cm(-3) (for candle smoke) or to more than 30,000 cm(-3) (for particles formed in a 160 ppb terpene/40 ppb ozone mixture). Furthermore, the set-ups were evaluated by, for each source, repeating the generation at six three-hour long events. For both aerosols repeatable generations at pre-determined concentration levels, that were stable over time, could be achieved. The results show that realistic concentrations of aerosols from real-world environments could be reproduced in a well-controlled manner and that this set-up could be used both for aerosol characterization and for human exposures. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology
  • Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health
  • NanoLund: Center for Nanoscience
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system

Publishing year







Journal of Aerosol Science



Document type

Journal article




  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health


  • Indoor aerosol
  • Exposure
  • Generation
  • Characterization
  • Candle smoke
  • SOA




  • ISSN: 0021-8502