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Portrait of Joakim Pagels

Joakim Pagels

Senior Lecturer

Portrait of Joakim Pagels

Potential air-quality improvements with future energy carriers in transportation


  • Vilhelm Malmborg
  • Joakim Pagels
  • Martin Tunér
  • Nika Alemahdi

Summary, in English

Our aim is to provide a-priori information on air-quality implications of potential future energy carriers in transportation relevant for sustainability, life cycle and health-impact assessments.

Information on air- and climate-pollutant formation from energy carriers is collected in detailed laboratory assessments on heavy-duty combustion engines as well as on non-tailpipe emissions. We target energy efficiency, characteristics of primary pollutants, characteristics after atmospheric transformation (ageing), and toxicological relevance.

Key results/conclusions
Emissions from renewable energy carriers for heavy-duty transportation that exist on the markets today (alcohols, FAME, HVO) have been reported by our groups. The results show a need for new future energy carriers with inherent low pollution formation potential and a production potential for electrofuels (e-fuels). Non-tailpipe emissions may increase for certain energy carriers. Knowledge on health and climate implications of different emissions mitigating strategies is necessary to ensure a sustainable path forward for the transport sector.


  • Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system
  • NanoLund: Center for Nanoscience
  • Metalund
  • Faculty of Engineering, LTH
  • Combustion Engines

Publishing year




Document type



  • Environmental Sciences
  • Transport Systems and Logistics


  • Transport
  • Emissions
  • Aerosols
  • Air quality

Conference name

Knowledge for Sustainable Development <br/>– Lund University Research Conference

Conference date

2022-05-02 - 2022-05-02

Conference place

Lund, Sweden




  • Mapping the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from combustion and traffic related particulate air pollution