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Portrait of Joakim Pagels

Joakim Pagels

Senior Lecturer

Portrait of Joakim Pagels

Health impacts of anthropogenic biomass burning in the developed world.


  • Torben Sigsgaard
  • Bertil Forsberg
  • Isabella Annesi-Maesano
  • Anders Blomberg
  • Anette Bølling
  • Christoffer Boman
  • Jakob Bønløkke
  • Michael Brauer
  • Nigel Bruce
  • Marie-Eve Héroux
  • Maija-Riitta Hirvonen
  • Frank Kelly
  • Nino Künzli
  • Bo Lundbäck
  • Hanns Moshammer
  • Curtis Noonan
  • Joakim Pagels
  • Gerd Sallsten
  • Jean-Paul Sculier
  • Bert Brunekreef

Summary, in English

Climate change policies have stimulated a shift towards renewable energy sources such as biomass. The economic crisis of 2008 has also increased the practice of household biomass burning as it is often cheaper than using oil, gas or electricity for heating. As a result, household biomass combustion is becoming an important source of air pollutants in the European Union.This position paper discusses the contribution of biomass combustion to pollution levels in Europe, and the emerging evidence on the adverse health effects of biomass combustion products.Epidemiological studies in the developed world have documented associations between indoor and outdoor exposure to biomass combustion products and a range of adverse health effects. A conservative estimate of the current contribution of biomass smoke to premature mortality in Europe amounts to at least 40 000 deaths per year.We conclude that emissions from current biomass combustion products negatively affect respiratory and, possibly, cardiovascular health in Europe. Biomass combustion emissions, in contrast to emissions from most other sources of air pollution, are increasing. More needs to be done to further document the health effects of biomass combustion in Europe, and to reduce emissions of harmful biomass combustion products to protect public health.


  • Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system

Publishing year







European Respiratory Journal





Document type

Journal article


European Respiratory Society


  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
  • Environmental Sciences




  • ISSN: 1399-3003