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Portrait of Jonas Tegenfeldt. Photo: Kennet Ruona

Jonas Tegenfeldt

Professor, Coordinator Nanobiology & Neuronanoscience

Portrait of Jonas Tegenfeldt. Photo: Kennet Ruona

Microfluidics-based approaches to the isolation of African trypanosomes

Author

  • Michael P. Barrett
  • Jonathan M. Cooper
  • Clément Regnault
  • Stefan H. Holm
  • Jason P. Beech
  • Jonas O. Tegenfeldt
  • Axel Hochstetter

Summary, in English

African trypanosomes are responsible for significant levels of disease in both humans and animals. The protozoan parasites are free-living flagellates, usually transmitted by arthropod vectors, including the tsetse fly. In the mammalian host they live in the bloodstream and, in the case of human-infectious species, later invade the central nervous system. Diagnosis of the disease requires the positive identification of parasites in the bloodstream. This can be particularly challenging where parasite numbers are low, as is often the case in peripheral blood. Enriching parasites from body fluids is an important part of the diagnostic pathway. As more is learned about the physicochemical properties of trypanosomes, this information can be exploited through use of different microfluidic-based approaches to isolate the parasites from blood or other fluids. Here, we discuss recent advances in the use of microfluidics to separate trypanosomes from blood and to isolate single trypanosomes for analyses including drug screening.

Department/s

  • Solid State Physics
  • NanoLund

Publishing year

2017-12-01

Language

English

Publication/Series

Pathogens

Volume

6

Issue

4

Document type

Journal article review

Publisher

MDPI AG

Topic

  • Microbiology in the medical area

Keywords

  • Concentration ramping
  • Diagnosis
  • Dielectrophoresis
  • DLD
  • Drug testing
  • Isolation
  • Microfluidics
  • Optical trap
  • Separation
  • Trypanosomes

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 2076-0817