Mach-Zehnder interferometry with periodic voltage pulses
We investigate theoretically a Mach-Zehnder interferometer driven by a time-dependent voltage. Motivated by recent experiments, we focus on a train of Lorentzian voltage pulses which we compare to a sinusoidal and a constant voltage. We discuss the visibilities of Aharonov-Bohm oscillations in the current and in the noise. For the current, we find a strikingly different behavior in the driven as compared to the static case for voltage pulses containing multiple charges. For pulses containing fractional charges, we find a universality at path-length differences equal to multiples of the spacing between the voltage pulses. These observations can be explained by the electronic energy distribution of the driven contact. In the noise oscillations, we find additional features which are characteristic to time-dependent transport. Finite electronic temperatures are found to have a qualitatively different influence on the current and the noise.
- ISSN: 1098-0121