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Quantum Thermal Machine as a Thermometer

  • Patrick P. Hofer
  • Jonatan Bohr Brask
  • Martí Perarnau-Llobet
  • Nicolas Brunner
Publishing year: 2017-09-01
Language: English
Publication/Series: Physical Review Letters
Volume: 119
Issue: 9
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Physical Society

Abstract english

We propose the use of a quantum thermal machine for low-temperature thermometry. A hot thermal reservoir coupled to the machine allows for simultaneously cooling the sample while determining its temperature without knowing the model-dependent coupling constants. In its most simple form, the proposed scheme works for all thermal machines that perform at Otto efficiency and can reach Carnot efficiency. We consider a circuit QED implementation that allows for precise thermometry down to ∼15 mK with realistic parameters. Based on the quantum Fisher information, this is close to the optimal achievable performance. This implementation demonstrates that our proposal is particularly promising in systems where thermalization between different components of an experimental setup cannot be guaranteed.


  • ISSN: 0031-9007
Portrait of Patrick Potts
E-mail: patrick [dot] potts [at] teorfys [dot] lu [dot] se

Postdoctoral fellow

Mathematical Physics


Postdoctoral fellow