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Portrait of Reine Wallenberg. Photo: Kennet Ruona

Reine Wallenberg

Professor, Coordinator Materials Science

Portrait of Reine Wallenberg. Photo: Kennet Ruona

Kinetic Engineering of Wurtzite and Zinc-Blende AlSb Shells on InAs Nanowires


  • Hanna Kindlund
  • Reza R. Zamani
  • Axel R. Persson
  • Sebastian Lehmann
  • L. Reine Wallenberg
  • Kimberly A. Dick

Summary, in English

Using AlSb as the model system, we demonstrate that kinetic limitations can lead to the preferential growth of wurtzite (WZ) AlSb shells rather than the thermodynamically stable zinc-blende (ZB) AlSb and that the WZ and ZB relative thickness can be tuned by a careful control of the deposition parameters. We report selective heteroepitaxial radial growth of AlSb deposited by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) on InAs nanowire core templates with engineered lengths of axial WZ and ZB segments. AlSb shell thickness, crystal phase, nanostructure, and composition are investigated as a function of the shell growth temperature, Ts, using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, electron tomography, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. We find that ZB- and WZ-structured AlSb shells grow heteroepitaxially around the ZB and WZ segments of the InAs core, respectively. Surprisingly, at 390 < Ts < 450 °C, the WZ-AlSb shells are thicker than the ZB-AlSb shells, and their thickness increases with decreasing Ts. In comparison, the ZB-AlSb shell thicknesses increase slightly with increasing Ts. We find that the increased thickness of the WZ-AlSb shells is due to the formation and enhanced deposition on {112-0} facets rather than on the more commonly grown {101-0} sidewall facets. Overall, these results, which are in direct contrast with previous reports suggesting that heteroepitaxial radial growth of III-antimonides is always favored on the ZB-structure facets, indicate that the growth of WZ-AlSb is preferred over the thermodynamically stable ZB-AlSb at lower growth temperatures. We attribute this behavior to kinetic limitations of MOVPE of AlSb on ZB and WZ phases of InAs.


  • Solid State Physics
  • NanoLund
  • Centre for Analysis and Synthesis

Publishing year







Nano Letters





Document type

Journal article


The American Chemical Society (ACS)


  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nano Technology


  • AlSb
  • aluminum antimonide
  • Core-shell nanowire
  • selective radial growth




  • ISSN: 1530-6984