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Portrait of Reine Wallenberg. Photo: Kennet Ruona

Reine Wallenberg

Professor, Coordinator Materials Science

Portrait of Reine Wallenberg. Photo: Kennet Ruona

Dislocation-Free and Atomically Flat GaN Hexagonal Microprisms for Device Applications

Author

  • Maryam Khalilian
  • Zhaoxia Bi
  • Jonas Johansson
  • Filip Lenrick
  • Olof Hultin
  • Jovana Colvin
  • Rainer Timm
  • Reine Wallenberg
  • Jonas Ohlsson
  • Mats Erik Pistol
  • Anders Gustafsson
  • Lars Samuelson

Summary, in English

III-nitrides are considered the material of choice for light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and lasers in the visible to ultraviolet spectral range. The development is hampered by lattice and thermal mismatch between the nitride layers and the growth substrate leading to high dislocation densities. In order to overcome the issue, efforts have gone into selected area growth of nanowires (NWs), using their small footprint in the substrate to grow virtually dislocation-free material. Their geometry is defined by six tall side-facets and a pointed tip which limits the design of optoelectronic devices. Growth of dislocation-free and atomically smooth 3D hexagonal GaN micro-prisms with a flat, micrometer-sized top-surface is presented. These self-forming structures are suitable for optical devices such as low-loss optical cavities for high-efficiency LEDs. The structures are made by annealing GaN NWs with a thick radial shell, reforming them into hexagonal flat-top prisms with six equivalents either m- or s-facets depending on the initial heights of the top pyramid and m-facets of the NWs. This shape is kinetically controlled and the reformation can be explained with a phenomenological model based on Wulff construction that have been developed. It is expected that the results will inspire further research into micron-sized III-nitride-based devices.

Department/s

  • Solid State Physics
  • NanoLund
  • Centre for Analysis and Synthesis
  • Synchrotron Radiation Research

Publishing year

2020-07-28

Language

English

Publication/Series

Small

Volume

16

Issue

30

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

John Wiley and Sons

Topic

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nano Technology

Keywords

  • GaN
  • III-nitride
  • microprisms
  • photonics
  • self-assembly

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1613-6810