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Portrait of Tönu Pullerits; Photo: Kennet Ruona

Tönu Pullerits

Professor

Portrait of Tönu Pullerits; Photo: Kennet Ruona

Stable CsPb1- xZn xI3Colloidal Quantum Dots with Ultralow Density of Trap States for High-Performance Solar Cells

Author

  • Chenghao Bi
  • Xuejiao Sun
  • Xin Huang
  • Shixun Wang
  • Jifeng Yuan
  • Jun Xi Wang
  • Tönu Pullerits
  • Jianjun Tian

Summary, in English

All inorganic halide perovskites in the form of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) have come into people's view as one of the potential materials for the high-efficiency solar cells; nevertheless, the high surface trap density and poor stability of QDs restrict the performance improvement and application. Here, we obtain colloidal inorganic perovskite CsPb1-xZnxI3 QDs by the hot-injection synthesis process with the addition of ZnCl2. Synchrotron-based X-ray absorption fine structures demonstrate that the guest Zn2+ ions are doped into the CsPbI3 structure to improve the local ordering of the lattice of the perovskite, reducing the octahedral distortions. The increase of the Goldschmidt tolerance factor and the Pb-I bond energy also enhance the stability of the perovskite structure. Furthermore, the Cl- ions from ZnCl2 occupy the iodide vacancies of the perovskite to decrease the nonradiative recombination. The synergistic effect of doping and defect passivation makes for stable colloidal CsPb0.97Zn0.03I3 QDs with ultralow density of trap states. The champion solar cell based on the QDs shows a power conversion efficiency of 14.8% and a largely improved stability under ambient conditions.

Department/s

  • Chemical Physics
  • NanoLund: Center for Nanoscience
  • eSSENCE: The e-Science Collaboration

Publishing year

2020

Language

English

Pages

6105-6113

Publication/Series

Chemistry of Materials

Volume

32

Issue

14

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

The American Chemical Society (ACS)

Topic

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0897-4756