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Nanofabrication and industrial production

Production of, and with, nanostructures.

We explore novel nanofabrication methods such as directed self-assembly and template-assisted crystal growth. Metal products and production methods have multiple synergies with nanostructured materials e.g., through integration of nanosensors. Processes such as oxidation, melting and deformation are studied at the nano and atomic scales.

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Integrated Sensors and Adaptive Manufacturing

To improve sustainability, minimize resource consumption, and increase competitiveness in manufacturing, real-time digital optimisation of mechanisms, equipment, and systems becomes essential. Integrated and non-invasive nanosensors for measuring parameters like temperature, flow, or pressure, offer invaluable real-time feedback. The design and incorporation of such sensors into e.g. cutting tools build on the extensive experience of nano-processing within NanoLund. By merging sensor-driven monitoring with informed strategies to refine products and processes, we're paving the way for an era of closed-loop manufacturing and operations.

Different building blocks of sensor

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Nano-characterisation of industrial materials and processes

The characterisation and synthesis tools we often associate with semiconductor nanostructures also enable new insights into industrial materials and processes. Examples include the use of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to find the atomic-scale origin of wear and weak-points in cutting tools and joints, and environmental TEM to visualize their formation in real time. We are using advanced nanoscale X-ray diffraction and spectroscopies to study industrially relevant metals and metal coatings, even under processing or operando conditions. The sub-100 nm beam at the NanoMax beamline can be used to study extremely thin coatings or individual grains in polycrystalline metals. Finally, we investigate the use of chemical vapor deposition to enable efficient metal joining for corrosion resistant alloys with complex geometries.

Four rectangles in different colours.
X-ray fluorescence (XRF) maps of an Inconel nickel-based super alloy sample, plotting the distribution of Ni, Cr, Fe and Nb, acquired at the NanoMax beamline, MAX IV. By: Lucas Marcal.

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